Green Hydrogen: The Integration in The Oil, Gas Field

Green Hydrogen: The Integration in The Oil, Gas Field

The heat is up and the pressure is on. Egypt’s potential for growth as an essential hydrogen economy depends critically on its ability to create green hydrogen, which is generated utilizing renewable energy sources. Oil and gas firms have been compelled to decarbonize, which has led them to create technological expertise and approaches that may be useful in various sectors. These may be used by oil and gas businesses to provide decarbonization options, such as renewable energy production, commercial energy, batteries, and carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS). Additionally, as the sector now depends upon fossil fuels and has a history of working with providers, those who represent it should be included in the process of creating the transition strategy.

The fact that it is widely acknowledged that using GH as a fuel instead of oil and gas would significantly help achieve the Paris Climate Agreement’s objectives to minimize global warming is boosting its chances. Once utilized, green hydrogen emits only water, eliminating the harmful health effects and existential climatic repercussions of greenhouse gases, namely methane and carbon dioxide, released by the use of oil and gas in manufacturing, distribution, etc. Individuals in administration are beginning to realize that benefiting from such extensive decarbonization of economies and society is achievable.

General Overview

Leading global oil corporations are reorganizing their operations to include novel energy transition innovations, such as low-carbon hydrogen, and becoming integrated energy suppliers. Leading integrated oil corporations have so far revealed plans to create approximately 2.9 million tons per year of low-carbon hydrogen as demand for the fuel grows.

The majority of the current hydrogen consumption is accounted for by the chemical and refinery industries. Low-carbon hydrogen initiatives can support oil and gas firms’ internal decarbonization endeavours. A Green Hydrogen Consultant stated that, “While it is true that [green hydrogen] is something worth investing in, it is difficult for the oil and gas field to make any progressions without good and valid incentives. The combination of incentives and having better and more infrastructure for these projects is the key to future successes.” Chemical firms will use hydrogen as a crucial fuel to create low-carbon ammonia and methanol, in addition to being used to create biofuels, which will lead to an increase in the need for hydrogen in the oil and gas industry.

Green Pressure

Since green hydrogen has the ability to substitute natural gas as a fuel for heating and can serve instead of diesel along with additional fuels, its growth is considered as essential to a green shift. Throughout the past year, a number of sizable green hydrogen initiatives have been launched worldwide with a significant hydrogen route slated for Egypt. Green hydrogen generation is currently more costly than other renewable energy sources. Nevertheless, is anticipated that production costs would decline dramatically as hydrogen activities spread globally, much like conventional renewable energy technologies such as wind and solar energy.

Even while there is still much to be done, the future seems promising. At the COP27 UN Climate Conference held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, there were a number of pledges to cut emissions including expansion in green hydrogen. The public and private sectors have agreed that hydrogen is a key component of a net-zero economy.

Challenges for Change

Since the majority of green hydrogen projects are still in the early stages, the cost of acquiring green hydrogen is currently still significantly greater than the price of fossil fuels. But if new initiatives are realized and economies of scale are created, a sharp decline in prices is anticipated over the following period, making it more economically viable than not environmentally friendly hydrogen. The creation of the facilities required for storing and delivering green hydrogen on a broad scale represents the second major obstacle to its widespread usage.

According to the International Energy Agency, oil and gas will continue to account for 46% of the world’s energy supply in 2040. Net zero, however, does not indicate the abandonment of fossil fuels. It entails compensating for the emissions by constructing subsurface CO2 pipelines and contemporary transmission networks to transfer more environmentally friendly electrons.

Additionally, businesses may increase the amount of hydrogen they produce and spend money on carbon capture and storage, which benefits all areas of the economy. For instance, developments in low-emission hydrogen will pay off for the steel, cement, and fertiliser sectors. In conclusion, there is still more work to be done, but green hydrogen will not go away. In order to meet the Paris Agreement climate pledges and the necessary zero-emission goals for the climate crisis, increasing its usage is essential.


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